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Honesdale Residential Historic District

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Funeral services will be held Wednesday at 11 a. Willard Black and Rev. Friends may call Tuesday from p. Interment will take place in Elmdale Cemetery, Mt.

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Return to the obituary Send another email Share. The historic district retains integrity. Its 41 noncontributing buildings are broadly dispersed in the district and alterations to contributing buildings are minimal.

The Honesdale Residential District includes contributing buildings, mostly homes, but also including former factories and a former Armory, constructed during the period of to A variety of architectural styles from Antebellum Greek Revival style to early twentieth century Craftsman and Colonial Revival styles are found in the contributing homes of the district. The non-residential buildings are all located in the southern section of the district and reflect the industry that sparked development of the district.

A brick glass factory sits beside a Romanesque Revival style Armory, while less than two blocks away stands a brick Italianate shoe factory, complete with complementary brick managers' homes and brick row houses for the workers. The brick Italianate row houses were built around One has six units and the other with two units exist in pristine condition, unmarred by the passage of time.

Both properties were probably constructed by the same craftsman, as the detail is virtually duplicated. They have flat roofs, hooded arched windows, wide, flat entablature pierced at each residential section by brackets that serve to divide and ornament, rather than support the entablature. The "shoe factory" at Fourteenth and East Streets, a three-story brick building with arched windows and cornice brackets that provide a semblance of Italianate, was built in to replace a two-story wooden factory that burned.

Another industrial building is a simple Romanesque brick building, forty by two hundred foot "glass factory" located at Park Street, with plywood covered windows, which suffices for a current furniture storage facility. This is the only Richardsonian Romanesque building within the district; it possesses the characteristic arched windows, masonry walls, rough-faced square stonework.

It still displays the name "Irving Cut Glass Co. The homes are surrounded by spacious lawns, running north and south along both sides of North Main Street, on a rectilinear pattern of sequentially numbered blocks, heavily laden with mature trees. More modest residences spread east and west from North Main Street. The grade rises perceptibly to the west, necessitating numerous stone retaining walls and allowing high embanked basement stories in many locations.

Homes are also found along the southern border overlooking the Lackawaxen River. These grand homes are predominately two and one-half story, wood frame construction with gabled and hipped roofs of slate, tin, and asbestos tile. Some of the homes on adjacent, parallel streets East and West Streets originally serviced the homes along North Main Street as the stables and out buildings, which over the years, have become distinct homes in and of themselves.

The William Gaylord House at North Main Street is representative of Queen Anne architecture in the district and features an asymmetrical facade, cross gabled roof, gable detailing, bay windows, and commodious wrap-around porch with dual entrances, one of which has a forty five degree gabled entrance.

Quite similar structures include those of the John D. Eight percent of the homes in the district are Italianate. The John Brown House, located at Park Street along the southern edge of the district, represents Victorian Italianate brick houses with low pitched hip roof, large square cupola, decorative cornice brackets, and tall, narrow-hooded arched windows.

An almost identical home, probably built around , is located at Park Street. An Italianate brick, six unit row house sits across the street from a three-story brick Italianate shoe factory. The row house is a two-story, flat roofed building, with bracketed cornice and hooded full arch windows grouped on the first floor, and single units on the second story. An identical two-unit building, apparently built at the same time, stands at Fifteenth Street. The Charles F. Rockwell House at Main Street is representative of Late Victorian Italianate styling, with elaborate cornice carvings over the entry stairs.

This two-story building has a center gable, which is repeated on the full-width porch. The exterior clapboard and the original tin roof have been well-maintained. Similar examples, both of which have greater decorative detail, especially bracketed cornices, exist at and North Main Street. Two unique examples of eclectic Italianate architecture exist that incorporate steep gables, normally associated with Queen Anne, but have typical Italianate detail on the lower two stories, and less conventional detail on the uppermost story.

The William Weiss House at Park Street has pedimented, curved windows and bracketed square windows in addition to bracketed cornice windows in its front and side two-story; three window bays, all adorned with incised and raised detailing, while the gable windows are pedimented, Gothic style. The Mattie Holmes House, located at North Main Street, is constructed of brick, except for the side five-window bay constructed of wood, which is rectangular and rises two stories. The steep gables are adorned with vergeboard and attached adornment to form an arch, which solidifies the Italianate motif.

The lower two stories have hooded, segmental arch windows, while the gable windows are hooded, full arch. The commodious porch has a center gable with elaborate detailing.

It is a brick building which has a slate mansard roof with centered gable on three sides, cornices above and below the roof slope, dormer windows, eaves with decorative brackets below, paired hooded windows, paired doors, with etched glass and single-story bay windows. The building presently serves as the Wayne County Public Library. The Edward Katz House at North Main Street, represents twentieth century Shingle style with an asymmetrical facade, irregular, steeply pitched roof with cross-gable, multi-paned windows in tops and single panes below polygonal dormers with uninterrupted shingle siding.

Additional examples of the Shingle style with recessed windows, wavy wall surfaces, multiple window strips on top story towers and eyebrow dormers can be found at , West Street, and Fifteenth Street. An early example of that style is located at Park Street. This small, two-story frame is a principal sub-type with front gable, recessed light doorway, with front columns and three part enframement, which is repeated on all windows, and a half-moon window in the gable.

The roof cornice is decorated with a simple Greek Key design. Similar, but slightly less embellished houses exist, as well as very basic ones, with little or no detail, which are clustered near the area of earliest development.

A more enchanting example of early Greek Revival, probably one of the earliest homes still existing, is located at Park Street. A variation of the center gable style, this low-pitch, hipped roof house has front gable porches on the first and second floor possibly later additions shifted to one side. The several triple-ganged Ionic porch columns support the full width front-facing porch.

West and east of Main Street are more modest residences, many which represent the Craftsman style home. The Craftsman style originated in California in the early s and was often referred to as the "ultimate bungalow. Two local builders working independently, Bryant and Kreitner, were responsible for building many of the Craftsman style homes within the district.

The buildings are characterized by low-pitched gabled roofs with wide, unenclosed eave overhanging. Half of the homes have full width porches with typical tapered square columns, while the other half has partial width porches, occasionally with columns that do not have a break until the level of the porch floor. Most of the homes are side-gabled, such as the home at Park Street, which also has front and rear dormers. It is also one of the few homes of this style which is stuccoed.

Many of the porches were built of stone or brick. Nearly all of the roofs were asphalt, but a combination of weatherboard, shingles, or clapboard was used for the siding.

It is not uncommon to see a combination of materials, like the home at High Street, which used weatherboard and shingles. The homes at Fifteenth Street and Sixteenth Street are the only examples of hipped roofs, and it is interesting that they were the first homes of this style built in the district.

Most of the homes were constructed between and Only the home at Westside Avenue has decorative beams, which were characteristic of this building style. The Colonial Revival style, with accentuated front doors with fanlights and sidelights, symmetrically balanced windows with double-hung sashes, and second story overhangs are well represented on North Main Street. Most of the homes were built between and , but two homes were built around The roofs vary on this style of architecture.

Examples of hipped roofs with dormers can be found at West Street and West Street. Gables vary, as well as the design of the porches. Many have full porches, but half porches are also represented. An attractive semi-circled porch with sidelights can be found at West Street. The home of Grace Bently at North Main Street is a Dutch Colonial with a characteristic portico, with a fanlight over the door and sidelights, and a second story overhang.

Porticos were common and often had a sunburst pattern on the front gable. Windows were rectangular and had double hung sashes. Many had multiple panes on the top, hung over a single pane. Gambrel roofs are also a variation of this style and can be found at Fifteenth Street. One house which is so unique as to deserve mention is the Joseph D. West House, known for many years as the "Mud House. The bricks were made of clay from the Dyberry Creek and measured eleven inches long, five inches wide, and two inches thick.

They were laid in two parallel rows with space in between, and every third or fourth course a two inch plank was placed to tie in the two walls.

A flood in loosened the clapboards and revealed the muddy bricks, hence the name. The bricks were sun dried, rather than kiln dried, and were reinforced with corn cobs and straw.

The roof was lifted in by a whirlwind and deposited near Irving Cliff and little is known about its replacement. The District also contains 41 non-contributing buildings. Where additions and alterations have occurred, they have been limited to the rear of the buildings and generally have been required to meet modern codes. Overall, the District has been maintained to a high standard of integrity and exteriors remain largely unchallenged.

In addition to contributing and noncontributing buildings, the district contains five contributing sites consisting of four cemeteries Riverside Cemetery was originally separate and therefore is counted separately from Glen Dyberry and a park. The Glenn Dyberry Cemetery lies between the banks of the placid, tree embowered Dyberry Creek on the west and the rugged wooded hills on the east, marked by a stone wall, built in ; this wall is a small scale element not included in the resource count.

The northern boundary extends to Fair Avenue, while the southern boundary reaches to Watts Hill Road. The cemetery is plotted with a central avenue, reaching from the northern to southern boundaries, with three miles of winding roads that branch off of the main road. Several evergreen trees and rhododendron plants and ferns add to the peaceful setting. Expansion of the cemeteries in the mid to late 19th century, saw the establishment of the Beth Israel Cemetery on the eastern border of the Glen Dyberry and St.

John's Lutheran Cemetery on the northern border of the Glen Dyberry. In the cemeteries, several plots are surrounded by the original iron fences, some quite elaborate, while low marble rails enclose others.

In the early days, white marble shafts seem to predominate as monuments. Some have flowers carved out of the marble, a full three inches thick, while others are more plain, but rise 35 feet above the base. A grave of a child has a carved tiny lamb reposing on the stone marker. Another plot has a chair-like structure containing a carved angel-like figure.

A local artist was the designer who had it carved from Florentine marble. Later, plain granite monuments predominated, two of which are outstanding.

One is a seven foot cube of New England granite, weighing 24 tons. Nearby, is a monument of Barre, Vermont granite, which is eight feet high, five and one half feet wide, and over three feet thick. It is most remarkable that cemeteries of three different faiths are so closely associated, that they are practically indistinguishable from each other, probably a reflection of the close community ties that held little regard for discrimination.

The monuments are small scale elements not included in the resource count. Riverside Park, which stretches from Main Street to Dyberry Place, is a beautiful, well-maintained expanse of riverfront park, a fitting boundary to the architecture that abounds to the North. In a small monument was erected to commemorate the centennial of the running of the Stourbridge Lion, the first steam engine to run on rails in the North American Continent.

Both monuments still exist today and are small scale elements not included in the resource count. The Honesdale Residential Historic District is a significant concentration of architecture built during the period of to , eligible under criterion C of the National Register. It includes several neighborhoods of merchants', managers', and workers' homes. The earliest extant homes on Park Street were built around The district derives its significance from its 19th and early 20th century Queen Anne, Italianate, and Shingle style residences.

These homes reflect the development and growth of a major residential area within Wayne County. Because Honesdale became the county seat in , it precipitated residential development of the kind and density unsurpassed elsewhere within Wayne County.

The business area to the south of the district has some similar architecture but its concentration has been fragmented by new development and different uses. Only the town of Hawley, twelve miles to the east, has similar architectural resources, but residences there are more widely scattered.

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The Wayne County Courthouse in Honesdale.

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Another plot has a chair-like structure containing a carved angel-like figure.

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